Connecting vehicles to infrastructure through co-operative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) enables the rapid exchange of messages between traffic management systems and vehicles and has the potential to deliver significant improvements in safety and traffic flow.
Work undertaken by the UK Department for Transport (DfT) identified barriers to the deployment of C-ITS in UK local authorities. A recurring observation was the need for interoperability between the roadside device, that communicates with vehicles, and the roadside device controlling the traffic signals.
With little or no interoperability between C-ITS components, UK highways authorities are restricted in their ability to add C-ITS functionality to their existing traffic control systems: this risks delaying the acceptance and uptake of C-ITS
In late 2016 the DfT funded the development of an open standard interface for the exchange of data between a traffic signal controller and a roadside radio unit transmitting using the European (ETSI) standard ITS-G5.
The work was funded through a DfT
Transport Technology Research and Innovation Grant (T-TRIG)
and the scope of the project was focused on two of the principal C-ITS message types: SPaT and MAP.
SPaT (Signal Phase and Timing) is a standard for a C-ITS message which will inform drivers about the current status and a prediction of the future stage timings of the traffic signal ahead.
MAP is a description of the physical geometry of one or more intersections which can be transmitted to a vehicle.
Implementing SPaT/MAP on traffic signals means that drivers can be advised of a speed to travel through traffic signals that will minimise both delays and emissions.
CROCS helps highways authorities protect their current investments in traffic signal controllers. CROCS is simple enough to be implemented in many existing controllers: a CROCS-compliant controller will then be able to exchange SPaT/MAP C-ITS data with a CROCS-compliant roadside communication device.
CROCS is an open standard and is in the public domain. It is free to use and implement in any appropriate product. The CROCS documents are currently published on this site (although this may change). A useful starting point is the CROCS Data Dictionary.
CROCS is published under the Open Government Licence. You are encouraged to use and re-use the Information that is available under this licence freely and flexibly, with only a few conditions.
|CROCS Data Dictionary||Draft 0.1||06/02/2017||Download (PDF)|
|CROCS Schema (PDF)||Draft 0.1||06/02/2017||Download (PDF)|
|CROCS XML schema files v1.01||Draft 0.1||06/02/2017||Go to folder|